I have been working on my Biacrown 50 watt Hiwatt head and looking at it pretty closely with my new 4 channel scope. Since I bought it, it has been updated as follows:
- Replaced power electrolytics. These are not easy to find for the high voltages involved and I was able to find some from a German manufacturer.
- Replaced three control potentiometers that were scratchy.
- Replaced diodes in the power supply. I did not have diodes with high enough peak inverse voltage, so I replaced the original hiwatt installed diodes with two UF4007 diodes in series.
- Replaced original power transformer with a Hammond 290GX. Hammond did not have a power transformer designated for a 50 watt Hiwatt, so I used the one for a JCM800. I had the necessary windings and was designed to drive two EL34 tubes.
- Replaced the output transformer with a Mercury Magnetics HI50-O. The transformer it came with was not a Partridge, so it was neither collectible nor notable.
Summer of 2021 I decided to take the amp to the next level with a few more upgrades.
- Power transformer HI50-P from mercury magnetics–expected to be better to some degree. I am curious to see if it helps with a low level 60 cycle hum that comes out of the speaker. This transformer has taps for the other voltages this amp supported originally including 100, 120, 230, and 240 volts. This amp was designed to be able to tour Europe and the United States without the need for voltage adapters. It also has a center tap for the filament windings which may help with the 60 cycle hum. The Hammond had a tap for this as well, but inexplicably, I did not connect it to ground.
- Output transformer HIO50-M from mercury magnetics.. This is their best transformer designated for a 50 watt Hiwatt.
- Replaced the electrolytic cap used in the bias circuit.
- Replaced the diode used in the bias supply with a UF4007 fast recovery diode. Its a fast recovery diode and I had it an extra laying around.
- Replaced the power supply diodes. Upon review, I discovered that it was not best practice to have two diodes in series without a resistor or cap to ensure there was no voltage-hogging that might burn one out. I determined this diode needed at least 1250 volts of PIV rating. I learned there are not a lot of diodes available for these high voltages. After ordering a diodes that Digi-Key did not have in stock, I changed my order to two Vishay SF1600 avalanche/fast recovery diode. These have PIV rated at 1600 volt. These diodes are spherical in shape and are the size of a matchhead. Everything powered up as normal after these changes. The upgrade was more for safety than an expectation of an audible difference. There is lots of debate as to whether fast recovery diodes make and audible difference, but they are just a few cents more, so why not? I also believe this was the only sort of diode I could find that exceeded 1400 PIV.
- Replaced the screen grid resistors with 1K/5 watt resistors, based on the recommendation of Steve Fischer, late of Trainwreck amps. He believes the higher rating provides better protection for the amp. I note the old resistors were 100 ohm/1 watt. The Hiwatt schematics typically have a 1k resistance on the schematics, but apparently at one time, 100 ohms were used. I have read that 1K protects the tubes from excessive screen grid current, at the cost of only a watt or two of power.